Lists of Sensitive Substrates, Inhibitors and Inducers updated

The lists of sensitive substrates, inhibitors, and inducers, including the file combining all lists, have been updated and are available in the DIDB Resource Center.

A total of 18 drug interactions, involving 13 drugs, were added to the October version or were updated. Nine of these drugs were cancer treatments, including 7 kinase inhibitors, being identified as sensitive substrates or perpetrators of CYP enzymes or the P-gp transporter.

As always, feel free to contact us if you have any questions or comments.

Data Curation and Entry in DIDB – September Summary

In September, we added 118 citations in DIDB, including 56 in vitro (with 29 articles published in Sept. 2021) and 62 in vivo articles (with 35 articles published in Sept. 2021).

Four recently approved NDAs/BLAs were also added with the 2 following NDAs: ibrexafungerp (BREXAFEMME) and viloxazine (QELBREE) and 2 following BLAs: asparaginase erwinia (RYLAZE) and avalglucosidase alfa (NEXVIAZYME).

You can check the citations that are recently published and entered in DIDB and all the NDAs/BLAs in DIDB.

As always, feel free to contact us if you have any questions or comments.

Continued Education Course on Drug Interactions

Senior team members, Dr Jingjing Yu and Dr Cathy Yeung, are instructing a CE course on Principles & Mechanisms of Pharmacokinetic Drug-Drug Interactions for Recently Approved Drugs which provides pharmaceutical scientists and clinical pharmacists with an in-depth understanding of the mechanisms of drug interactions.

This 5-session course was prepared in collaboration with University of Wisconsin-Madison.

To learn more and register, visit here.

FDA Draft Guidance Gastric pH-Dependent Drug Interactions with Acid-Reducing Agents

The draft guidance newly released by FDA on “Evaluation go Gastric pH-Dependent Drug Interactions with Acid-Reducing Agents: Study Design, Data Analysis, and Clinical Implications” is now available in DIDB Resource Center. Please note that you must be signed in to access.

This draft guidance describes FDA’s recommendations regarding: (1) when clinical DDI studies with acid-reducing agents are needed; (2) the design of clinical DDI studies; (3) how to interpret study results; and (4) communicating findings in product labeling.

DIDB contains absorption-based drug interaction data. The study results are presented based on the underlying mechanism. For example, there are about 450 entries on pH-dependent drugs interactions in DIDB curated from literature and NDA reviews with detailed information about PK assessment results, study design, population, formulation, dosing, and safety results

FDA Draft Guidance for Clinical Drug Interaction Studies with Combined Oral Contraceptives

The draft guidance newly released by FDA on “Clinical Drug Interaction Studies Combined with Oral Contraceptives” is now available in DIDB Resource Center. Please note that you must be signed in to access.

This draft guidance focuses on evaluating the DDI potential of an investigational new drug (i.e., perpetrator) on combined oral contraceptives  (COCs; i.e., victim) during drug development and determining how to communicate DDI study results and mitigation strategies to address potential risks associated with increased or decreased exposure of COCs in labeling.

In DIDB (as of Nov 2020), there are over 600 entries evaluating COCs as an object in dedicated clinical PK studies (including PGx data). On the other hand, nearly 200 entries were curated from clinical DDI studies where COCs serve as a precipitant.

FDA Guidance for Pharmacokinetics in Patients with Impaired Renal Function

The guidance newly released by FDA on “Pharmacokinetics in Patients with Impaired Renal Function — Study Design, Data Analysis, and Impact on Dosing and Labeling” is now available in DIDB Resource Center. Please note that you must be signed in to access.

For your information, DIDB contains study results from organ impairment studies following the recommendations in the FDA guidances on impaired renal function and on impaired hepatic function. As such study design, population, degree of organ impairment, drug dosing, PK, PD, and safety results are extracted from the literature and NDAs/BLAs reviews and entered in DIDB.